First aid for animal bites: what is the danger of the bites of cats, dogs, mice, raccoons, rats, foxes and other animals? What to do if a person is bitten by an animal? What should I do to become infected with rabies from the bite of an animal? As domestic and wild animals attack people quite often. In most cases, the bites come from dogs, cats, mice, rats, raccoons, hamsters, foxes. The danger of the bite of an animal is determined immediately by several factors. Into account is taken as the infectiousness of the animal, the depth of the bite, the size and the effectiveness of first aid . which should be provided to the victim. The bites of wild and domestic animals is especially dangerous because they can cause human infection with rabies. In addition to this, these bites can cause abscess and infection of the wound. First aid for animal bites involves thorough washing of affected area with running water, the imposition of sterile dressings, as well as timely consultation with a doctor .
The bites are like cats and dogs, and numerous wild animals considered to be quite dangerous for the human body. The reason is that in the mouth of animals can be a huge number of microscopic organisms, which tend to cause Continue reading
According to who, in 2000-2001, more than 70 registered emergency major outbreaks of infectious diseases that swept tens of thousands of people. More than half of the foci falls on dangerous and especially dangerous zoonotic diseases, including bacterial nature: it is the plague, anthrax, etc.
Many causative agents of these infections belong to the so-called critical biological agents of category “A” (pathogens of plague, tularemia, anthrax) and “B” (causative agents of brucellosis, rickettsial, Sapa) – potential agents of bioterrorism.
In the recent past zoonotic infection was detected mostly in rural areas, where their main sources were agricultural animals, and many species of wild animals living in natural foci of infection.
Over the past decades in many regions of Russia there is a steady “urbanization” zoonotic diseases: the share of urban population accounts for 80% of reported cases of tularemia, leptospirosis and other infections in this group.
The main reasons are: increase in urban population, high level of clinical and laboratory diagnosis in urban environments, and also expansion of city boundaries with the development of natural-focal areas for parks, landscape gardening associations and etc. Continue reading